What Are the Causes of Gum Disease?

What Are the Causes of Gum Disease?


Dental Health

on Aug 23 2022, 08:01 AM

What Are the Causes of Gum Disease?

Gum disease is caused by plaque and bacteria that build up on the gums. The gums can become inflamed and can bleed easily. Gum disease in the early stages is called gingivitis, while more advanced stages are known as periodontitis.

Gum disease occurs when the gum tissue that surrounds the teeth has become infected. This can result from several issues, including:

Poor Oral Hygiene

Practicing good oral hygiene habits at home is essential for preventing gum disease. Without proper care, plaque can build up in your mouth, causing tooth decay and gum disease. 


Your genetics can play a role in your susceptibility to periodontal disease. People with a family history of gum disease are more likely to develop it themselves. Gum disease can run in families, but genetics is not always the only factor involved.

Clenching or Grinding Your Teeth

Bruxism, or chronic teeth grinding, can cause your gum tissue to recede. Tooth grinding is most commonly caused by stress and anxiety and usually isn’t caused by a problem with the teeth. If left untreated, bruxism will eventually wear down your teeth, leading to tooth sensitivity and decay.


Smoking can make gum disease even worse for many reasons. Chemicals in tobacco slow down the healing process. Smoking also decreases the blood supply to the gums, which can slow healing.

Smoking also causes dry mouth, which can also deprive the teeth and gums of much-needed moisture. Saliva helps wash away food particles and bacteria to keep the mouth healthy.

Too Much Acid In Your Diet

Acidic foods and drinks damage the protective enamel layer of your teeth. When that enamel is damaged, it leaves your teeth vulnerable to problems like gum disease.

Acidic foods include tomatoes, citrus fruits, coffee, tea, soda, fruit juices, vinegar, etc.


Diabetes is a common condition that leads to numerous complications, including gum disease. Gum disease is common in patients with diabetes. In fact, gum disease is three times more likely in people with diabetes.

When blood sugar levels are chronically high, they can lead to inflammation. Your body might respond by attacking your gums, which might become inflamed and bleed easily. Poorly controlled diabetes can also lead to problems with your gums. Gum disease can increase the levels of sugar in your saliva. This can cause plaque to build up more quickly, which can increase your risk of tooth decay.

Hormonal Changes

While hormonal changes can occur at any time in your life, they are more likely to occur during pregnancy or menopause. Hormonal changes can increase your risk of gum disease because they increase blood flow to the gums. This can cause your gums to become swollen and red. If your gums are swollen and red, you are more susceptible to gum disease and cavities.

MT West Dentist, located in Plains, MT, has an expert dental team that offers the best dental care facilities to patients with the help of modern amenities. Call us at (406) 215- 4705 and book an appointment with our practice to know more about our dental care services. 

Share On

Leave A Reply

Please fill all the fields.
Call Now